Extraction & Pipeline Transportation
Test Results W20
INTERTEK COMPARATIVE TEST
Product: Heavy Crude Oil
WITH 3% W20, ADDITIVE
|Kinematic Viscosity at 50°C||575.70 mm2/s||437.10 mm2/s||-118.60 mm2/s||-24.08%|
|T.A.N. (Total Acid Number)||< 0.01 mg KOH/g||0.02 mg KOH/g||0.01 mg KOH/g||100.00%|
|Total Sulphur||2.10% w/w||2.05% w/w||-0.05% w/w||-2.38%|
|Asphaltenes||5.80% m/m||5.20% m/m||-0.60% m/m||-10.34%|
|Water and Sedimants||0.46% vol.||0.26% vol.||-0.20% vol.||-43.48%|
|Water||0.45% v/v||0.25% v/v||-0.20% v/v||-44.44%|
Date: June 13, 2014
We started with crude oil analyzed by an independent laboratory, Intertek http://www.intertek.com/, a dose of 3% of the W20 fluidifier was added. Such a high dosage was applied to highlight the differences and to compensate the conditions of the extraction of the crude oil from the production well.
Total Acidity: An insignificant increase of the acidity is observed, which had no impact on the behavior of the crude oil. Crude oil with a T.A.N. <0.05 mg KOH/g is considered non-corrosive.
Kinematic Viscosity: A notable decrease in viscosity was observed. The unit of measurement was equivalent to the measurement in Centistokes (cSt). The decrease registered was of 24.08% over the initial content.
Water and Sediments: A 43.48% decrease in volume occurs and improves the characteristics of the crude oil.
Water: A 44.44% reduction in water content was observed. The previous result was confirmed, which improved the quality of crude oil by decreasing the water content.
Total Sulphur: There was a decrease of 2.38%. The reduction of the Sulphur content means less risk of formation of sulfuric acid and sulfhidric acid. However, the difference is irrelevant.
Asphaltenes: There was a decrease of 10.34% of asphaltenes in the mass of the crude oil. This parameter confirmed the reduction of the kinematic viscosity. The asphaltenes are a cause of the viscosity in the crude oil. The decrease means that the crude oil is easier to transport, it is more fluid, which results in a decrease in energy costs.
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